It is our aim that pupils will approach maths with confidence and a belief that they can be a mathematician with effort and resilience. They will know that making errors and finding things difficult are what they learn from and they will know how their learning impacts on their everyday life. The will work with mathematical fluency and will be able to reason and solve problems.
At Moor Row Primary School we use a mastery approach to teaching the National Curriculum. We have adopted a programme called Maths- No Problem!
Teachers plan learning opportunities that develop children’s:
mathematical fluency (rapid and accurate recall and application of facts and concepts)
mathematical reasoning skills
ability to apply maths to solve problems, to conjecture and to hypothesise
Some of the principles that underpin our approach to the teaching and learning:
We believe anyone can be a mathematician with a bit of effort and resilience. We reject the idea that some people ‘just can’t do maths'
Pupils are taught through whole-class interactive teaching, where the focus is on all pupils working together on the same lesson content at the same time
We believe in ‘keep up, not catch up’ and use pre-teaching and post-teaching sessions to ensure that this happens
In a typical lesson pupils sit facing the teacher and the teacher leads back and forth interaction, including questioning, short tasks, explanation, demonstration, and discussion
Procedural fluency and conceptual understanding are developed in tandem because each supports the development of the other
Children are considered to have achieved an end of year expectation when learning is deep, secure and adaptable.
Teaching maths for mastery is a transformational approach to maths teaching which stems from high performing Asian nations such as Singapore. When taught to master maths, children develop their mathematical fluency without resorting to rote learning and are able to solve non-routine maths problems without having to memorise procedures.
Maths work focuses on the full range of maths as set out in the National curriculum 2014. The children undertake lots of practical work during these sessions, and there is a focus on children’s ability to undertake mental calculations. Work is differentiated according to the ability and confidence of the children and children are assessed regularly to identify any areas which may need reinforcement. Children are given targets in maths to help them move forward, and one of the most useful aspects of maths is knowing their times tables and number bonds. We also plan for opportunities for children to reason mathematically in all areas of the curriculum.
Mastering maths in the Early Years
In our Early Years Unit children will be provided with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and in describing shapes, spaces, and measures.
Maths is taught through the use of continuous provision and focused interactions based on children’s interests and informed by observations.
Mastering maths in Key Stage 1
The principal focus of mathematics teaching in Key Stage 1 is to ensure that children develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This will involve working with numerals, words and the 4 operations, including with practical resources [for example, concrete objects and measuring tools].
At this stage, children will develop their ability to recognise, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary. Teaching will also involve using a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money.
By the end of year 2, children should know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using and understanding place value. We place an emphasis on practice at this early stage as it aids fluency.
Children will be taught to read and spell mathematical vocabulary, at a level consistent with their increasing word reading and spelling knowledge.
Mastering maths in Years 3 and 4
The principal focus of mathematics teaching in lower key stage 2 is to ensure that children become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the 4 operations, including number facts and the concept of place value. This should ensure that children develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers.
At this stage, children will develop their ability to solve a range of problems, including with simple fractions and decimal place value. Teaching will also ensure that children draw with increasing accuracy and develop mathematical reasoning so they can analyse shapes and their properties, and confidently describe the relationships between them. It will ensure that they can use measuring instruments with accuracy and make connections between measure and number.
By the end of year 4, children should have memorised their multiplication tables up to and including the 12 multiplication table and show precision and fluency in their work.
Children will be taught to read and spell mathematical vocabulary correctly and confidently, using their growing word-reading knowledge and their knowledge of spelling.
Mastering maths in Year 5 and 6
The principal focus of mathematics teaching in upper key stage 2 is to ensure that children extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. This should develop the connections that children make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio.
At this stage, children will develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation. With this foundation in arithmetic, children are introduced to the language of algebra as a means for solving a variety of problems. Teaching in geometry and measures will consolidate and extend knowledge developed in number. Teaching will also ensure that children classify shapes with increasingly complex geometric properties and that they learn the vocabulary they need to describe them.
By the end of year 6, children should be fluent in written methods for all 4 operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages.
Children will be taught to read, spell and pronounce mathematical vocabulary correctly.